Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War

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View: no detail some detail full detail. End Matter Index. All rights reserved. Powered by: Safari Books Online. To substantiate the authors claims, he includes documented accounts of guerilla acts of terror, including one of the most notable attacks of the war, the raid on Lawrence, Kansas led by William C.

Quantrill and manned by guerillas. Fellmans description offers hints of the political and wartime motivations of the attack the town, which suffered the loss of civilian men and boys squarely in Union territory, could have been viewed as a recruiting ground for Federal forces. Fellmans book argues that, more often than not raids were not so large in scope and often could not be as easily justified by the objectives of the war or political differences. The example of Ellen Brookshire terrorized by Confederate-sympathizer guerillas into providing food and terrified by the likelihood of some unfriendly neighbor reporting her family as guerrilla supporters to the union authorities, is one such example.

Another would be that of Pauline Ellison, widowed and alone with five daughters, who was so frightened after being robbed for a pencil and threatened with the burning of her home that it took a month for federal authorities to persuade her to identify the two guerrillas whom in fact she had known for nine yearsneighbors of long standing 7.

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Michael Fellman (1943–2012)

Fellmans use of records and testimony unites with a clear socio-economic deconstruction of the guerilla conflict in Missouri to reveal a perfect storm of sorts one that fueled a guerilla war in which terror was both a method and goal in a series of broader aims: food, arms, horses, loot, information, ridding the region of enemy civilians, and above all, revenge 8. Fellmans study paints the picture of an assaulted society in which the face to face nature of traditional rural society was no guarantee of social harmony 9.

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Little else could be 7 Ibiu. Utilizing documented testimonies, Fellman argues that men in Federal uniforms also raided and attacked the homes of civilians, often utilizing the uncertainty of appearance.


With the story of Elizabeth Hawkins raided by men in pale blue pants, deep blue jackets, and pale blue overcoats and that of an elderly male resident of Boonville, robbed for 13 horses and mules by Union volunteers masquerading as Confederate soldiers , Fellman highlights the unethical and violent actions of Union soldiers and guerillas who preyed as mightily on civilians as did their Confederate counterparts.

As the author indicates, Union soldiers could imply that they were Confederate bushwhackers pretending to be Union troops! Fellmans descriptions of Confederate violence among neighbors and Union duplicity emphasize the authors arguments on the singularity of the Missouri guerilla conflict in American Civil War history. While many of Fellmans selected accounts of prominently feature women, Fellmans text also explores, specifically, the ways in which chivalric notions of the protection of womanhood strained, and often collapsed, under the stresses of guerilla warfare.

Within this context, A wish to strike back at those women who were active participants on the enemy side contradicted a powerful desire to remain gentlemen to the ladies Fellmans narrative demonstrates the ways in which women in the Union and Confederate regions of Missouri found ways to register their distaste for enemy politics and abuses, even when these acts placed them in physical and mortal danger and could lead to repercussions such as imprisonment and loss of resources. Fellman argues that, like male civilians in a guerrilla war theater, women were both 1u Ibiu.

However, unlike men, women were often without the support of weaponry and male comrades, which could provide protection. Lack of protection, Fellman argues, could have disastrous or deadly consequences. Chivalric codes of white soldiers on both sides of the conflict often protected women from violence, but Fellman notes that this protection was often hollow. Womens personhood might be spared, but their adult male relatives, their property, homes, clothing, food, and dignity were likely targets.

Civil War in Kansas Bibliography - Kansas Historical Society

Too, the promise of chivalric protection was fragile indeed and extended only to white women who were considered well behaved. All others could expect the worst treatment. Through the use of several accounts, Fellman proves that, [i]f rape [of white women] was unusual, extreme brutality toward women was common, including what one might call near rape or symbolic rape The case of a raid on Mary Halls home demonstrates this.

The woman suffered the robbery of her home, along with the threatened murder of her children whose clothing was set afire beneath their bed , the murder of her young adult son, and the near- rape of her year-old niece.

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Fellman describes this type of attack as characteristic of guerilla invasions of the realm of women, part of a set of behaviors that lay on the dark side of the code of protecting women Some abandoned the code altogether, Fellman argues, a theory he demonstrates with an account of the murder of a widow by Confederate guerilla forces in response to her refusal to feed men who threatened her, which they had interpreted as an insult to their honor from an alien woman Fellman convincingly argues that such breeches were more common when African or Native American women were the targets.

The scholar notes that the moral 12 Ibiu. Indeed one might argue that all white women were treated with respect in part because other non-white women were available to be trampled This was the case in the sexual assault of an enslaved year-old woman, allegedly by guerilla James Johnson. Perhaps to emphasize the extraordinary wrongs visited upon women and children deemed outside the coverage of the complicated notions of chivalry held by guerillas, Fellman recounts the infamous Sand Creek massacre of the Cheyenne people, in which women and children were murdered, scalped, and dismembered.

Fellman uses this example to great effect, recalling the practice of displaying, in various ways, the dismembered genitalia of massacred women, an act that shatters any notion of propriety and sensibility towards the protection of womanhood. In this way, Fellman bolsters his claim that insufferable abuses were common in the environment produced by guerilla warfare in Missouri. See what's been added to the collection in the current 1 2 3 4 5 6 weeks months years. Your reader barcode: Your last name:. Cite this Email this Add to favourites Print this page. You must be logged in to Tag Records.

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